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Rycote Parva

Learn more about the owners of Rycote Parva from the 1086 Domesday Book through to the reign of Henry VIII.

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Geoffrey de Mandeville

William de Mandeville (d. 1105-1116)

Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1144)

  • Son of William de Mandeville (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, p. 114).
  • Married Rohese, daughter of Aubrey de Vere, Master Chamberlain of England.
  • Created Earl of Essex by King Stephen, 1139-1140, and Constable of the Tower (Hollister, 'Geoffrey de Mandeville', ODNB).
  • Deserted Stephen in 1141; granted the earldom of Essex with the offices of Constable of the Tower and Sheriff and Chief Justice of Essex by the Empress Matilda.
  • Realigned himself with Stephen by Christmas 1141; granted further lands, custody of the Tower and the offices of Sheriff and Justice of London, Middlesex, Hertfordshire and Essex (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, p. 115).
  • Obtained another charter from Matilda, c.1142, confirming his grants from Stephen with the further office of Dapifer.
  • Arrested by Stephen and stripped of his lands in 1143 (Hollister, 'Geoffrey de Mandeville', ODNB).
  • Rebelled and was mortally wounded attacking Burwell Castle in August 1144 (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, p. 116).
Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1166)

William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1189)

Geoffrey Fitz Peter (or Fitzpiers), Earl of Essex (d. 1213)

  • Son of Peter and Maud of Ludgershall (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, p. 122)
  • Married firstly Beatrice (d. 1197), daughter of William de Say (d. 1177), the eldest son of Beatrice de Say. He married secondly Aveline (d. c.1225) widow of William de Munchensi and daughter of Roger de Clare, Earl of Hertford (West, 'Geoffrey Fitz Peter', ODNB).
  • Successfully claimed the de Mandeville lands and earldom of Essex through his marriage to Beatrice de Say (West, 'Geoffrey Fitz Peter', ODNB).
  • Justice of the Forest, 1185-1189.
  • Sheriff of Northamptonshire, 1184-1189 and 1191-1194.
  • Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire, 1190-1193.
  • Under sheriff of Staffordshire, 1197-1198.
  • Justiciar of England, 1198-1213.
  • Sheriff of Yorkshire, 1198-1204
  • Sheriff of Staffordshire, 1198-1204.
  • Girded with the sword of the earldom of Essex at the coronation of King John, 27 May 1199.
  • Sheriff of Westmorland, 1199-1200.
  • Sheriff of Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire, 1199-1204.
  • Sheriff of Hampshire, 1201-1204.
  • Sheriff of Shropshire, 1201-1204 (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, pp. 122-4).
  • Died 2 October 1213 (MS. Gough Oxon. 31, fol. 53r).
  • Gave his children the name de Mandeville.
Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1216)

  • Son and heir of Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex (d. 1213) and Beatrice de Say.
  • Granted his inheritance by King John, 4 November 1213.
  • Married firstly Maud, daughter of Robert Fitz Wauter and secondly Isabella, Countess of Gloucester, the divorced wife of King John.
  • Rebelled with the barons against John in April 1215.
  • Excommunicated by the Pope and his lands seized, 16 December 1215.
  • Died of wounds sustained in a tournament in February 1216 and buried at Trinity Priory, Aldgate (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, pp. 126-9).
William de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1227)

  • Brother of Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex (d. 1216).
  • Married Christine (d. 1232), sister of his brother's first wife Maud.
  • Joined the revolt of the barons against King John in 1215.
  • Restored to lands after affirming loyalty to Henry III, 4 October 1217.
  • Died 8 January 1227, buried at Shouldham Priory with his heart buried at Walden Abbey (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 5, pp. 130-3).

William de Mandeville's lands and titles passed to his sister Maud (d. 1236), wife of Henry de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and High Constable of England. It is unclear as to when Rycote Parva may have passed from the de Mandevilles' possession (MS. Gough Oxon. 31, fols. 57v-8).

Isabel de Bolebec, Countess of Oxford (c.1164-1245)

Hugh de Vere, 4th Earl of Oxford (d. 1263)

  • Son and heir of Robert de Vere, 3rd Earl of Oxford, and his wife Isabel de Bolebec, Countess of Oxford.
  • Probably inherited Rycote Parva from his mother.
  • Married Hawise, daughter of Saher de Quincy, Earl of Winchester.
  • Died prior to 23 December 1263 (Cokayne, Peerage, vol. 10, pp. 213-15).
Robert de Vere, 5th Earl of Oxford (c.1240-1296)

It is not clear as to when Rycote Parva passed from the possession of the de Veres. It appears that a Fulk de Rycote held land in Rycote Parva in 1316 (Feudal Aids, vol. 4, p. 171). In 1346 John de Spencer is recorded as holding half a knight's fee in Rycote Parva (Feudal Aids, vol. 4, p. 176).

Richard Quatremains (c.1392-1477)

Sir Richard Fowler (c.1471-1528)

  • Inherited Rycote Magna following the deaths of his father, Richard Fowler (d. 1478), and Sybil Quatremains (d. 1483), his father's aunt, heirs under the terms of Richard Quatremains's will (Lee, Thame, pp. 294-5, 299-300).
  • He presumably inherited Rycote Parva from the Quatremains for he is recorded as selling both Rycote Magna and Rycote Parva to Sir John Heron in 1521 (BL Arundel MS 26, fol 76b).
  • Married Julian (pronounced Gillian) who died in 1527 and was buried in the isle of Great Haseley Church (MS. Gough Oxon. 31, fol. 95).
  • Knighted, 17 November 1501, upon the marriage of Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon (MS. Gough Oxon. 30, fol. 234v).
  • Sheriff of Oxfordshire, 1501-1502 (Peters, Lord Lieutenants, p. 71).
  • Channel 4's Time Team argued that the Tudor mansion was probably built by him.
  • According to John Leland, Fowler was "very onthrift and sold al his landes leving his children ful smaul lyvinges (MS. Top. Gen. e. 9, fol. 9v).
  • Buried at Trinity church, Queenhithe Ward, London (MS. Gough Oxon. 30, fol. 234v).
Sir John Heron (d. 1522)

Giles Heron (d. 1540)

Rycote Parva