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Letter from the 2nd Earl of Clarendon to the 1st Earl of Abingdon concerning Monmouth's rebellion

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Letter from the 2nd Earl of Clarendon to the 1st Earl of Abingdon concerning Monmouth's rebellion

Author
Henry Hyde, 2nd Earl of Clarendon
Date
20 June 1685
Medium
Manuscript

In June 1685 James Scott, Duke of Monmouth and illegitimate son of Charles II, instigated a rebellion against his Catholic uncle James II. The responsibility for the securing of the Oxfordshire defences rested with its Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of Abingdon. In this letter from the Lord Privy Seal, the Earl of Clarendon, Abingdon is instructed to raise two volunteer companies of militia in Oxford. He is also informed of the King's decision to commission his brothers Richard and Henry Bertie to the command of two troops of horse. Eager to ensure the loyalty of his Oxfordshire subjects, Clarendon relays the King's orders for Abingdon "to take up all such persons as you shall suspect, & to putt them into the Prison at Oxford." The Duke of Monmouth's rebellion was defeated at Sedgemoor, Somerset, on 6 July 1685.

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