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Map of the battle of Sedgemoor

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Map of the battle of Sedgemoor


This map records the defeat of the Duke of Monmouth's rebellion against his Catholic uncle James II, at the battle of Sedgemoor, in Somerset, on 6 July 1685. The author of the map is not known, but it was probably compiled soon after the battle. Monmouth's rebel army was camped at Bridgwater, seen on the left hand side of the map. The royal army was stationed three miles away at Weston, on the right of the map. On the night of 5 and 6 July Monmouth's forces set out from Bridgwater hoping to use the cover of darkness to suprise the royal army in its camp. However, as noted on the map, their cover was blown when "a Trooper who it is Likely fired a Pistoll & might be one of the Guard set at the Stone Road, full speed after the firing of the Pistoll Calld to the Camp at Weston to beat their drums and so gave the Alarm." The location at which the pistol was fired appears to be indicated on the map close to the area marked "Long More Stone." The royal army repulsed the assault and routed the retreating rebels. Monmouth was captured three days later (MS. Clarendon 128, fols. 63-4). He was executed on 15 July.

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This map was drawn by Rev Andrew Paschall, the Rector of Chedzoy (Chedsey) a village on the edge of the battlefield. He is known for producing at least three versions of this map, probably for the Earl of Clarendon, at the request of King James II who wanted a full account of the rebellion, and who visited Chedzoy and the battlefield in 1686. Contact me for more on Rev Paschall.

Simon Howes 20/08/2017

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