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The English Civil Wars and Interregnum

17th century stained glass portrait of Montague Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey.

In June 1643 the Parliamentarian officer Sir Samuel Luke received intelligence of Royalist horse being located at and around Rycote. A scout report of 14 June, recorded in Luke’s journal, claims that there were two troops of the King’s horse stationed at Rycote that night (MS. Eng. hist. c. 53, fol. 46). Reports of Royalist forces being at Rycote at this time would have been of extreme interest to the Parliamentarians. A Parliamentarian army, commanded by the Earl of Essex, had begun an offensive against the Royalist headquarters at Oxford at the beginning of June and had occupied nearby Thame on 10 June (Morrah, Rupert of the Rhine, p. 116).

In 1648 Rycote came into the possession of Montague Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, through his marriage to Bridget Sackville, suo jure Baroness Norris (MS. Gough Oxon. 31, fol. 193v). Bridget was the daughter and heir of Edward Wray and his wife Elizabeth, suo jure Baroness Norris. Bridget’s first husband Edward Sackville had been killed during the Civil War near Abingdon on 11 April 1646 (MS. Gough Oxon. 31, fols. 178v-179r). Lindsey, a leading member of the Royalist side during the Civil Wars, had retired to private life following the execution of Charles I and the abolition of the monarchy in 1649. In June 1655 he was placed under house arrest in Oxfordshire, almost certainly at Rycote, upon the orders of the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell in the wake of a failed royalist uprising (Smith, 'Montague Bertie', ODNB).

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I know a family who can trace their ancestors to this time as they were resettled by the Commonwealth from Norfolk and given land near Thame. What with Jesuits in Waterperry and Royalists at Rycote, Cromwell would of looked on this area of England with dismay.

Richard Barrett 14/11/2013

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The English Civil Wars and Interregnum

In June 1643, the Parliamentarian officer Sir Samuel Luke was sent intelligence of Royalist horse being located at and around Rycote...
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